Solar Car

Solar car is an electric car powered by by solar energy obtained from solar panels on the surfaceSolar car is an electric car powered by by solar energy obtained from solar panels on the surface

Principle of solar car

Solar car is an electric vehicle powered by a type of renewable energy, by solar energy obtained from solar panels on the surface (generally, the roof) of the vehicle. Photovoltaic (PV) cells convert the Sun’s energy directly into electrical energy. Solar vehicles are not practical day-to-day transportation devices at present but are primarily demonstration vehicles and engineering exercises, often sponsored by government agencies.Solar cars combine technology typically used in the aerospace, bicycle, alternative energy, and automotive industries.  combine technology typically used in the aerospace, bicycle, alternative energy, and automotive industries. The design of a solar vehicle is severely limited by the energy input into the car (batteries and power from the sun). Virtually all solar cars ever built have been for the purpose of solar car races (with notable exceptions).Like many race cars, the driver’s cockpit usually only contains room for one person, although a few cars do contain room for a second passenger. They contain some of the features available to drivers of traditional vehicles such as brakes, accelerator, turn signals, rear view mirrors (or camera), ventilation, and sometimes cruise control. A radio for communication with their support crews is almost always included.Solar cars are often fitted with gauges as seen in conventional cars. Aside from keeping the car on the road, the driver’s main priority is to keep an eye on these gauges to spot possible problems. Cars without gauges available for the driver will almost always feature wireless telemetry. Wireless telemetry allows the driver’s team to monitor the car’s energy consumption, solar energy capture and other parameters and free the driver to concentrate on just driving.Electrical and mechanical systems, The electrical system is the most important part of the car’s systems as it controls all of the power that comes into and leaves the system. The battery pack plays the same role in a solar car that a petrol tank plays in a normal car in storing power for future use.

Solar car is an electric vehicle powered by by solar energy obtained from solar panels on the surface

Solar car is an electric vehicle powered by solar energy obtained from solar panels on the surface

Solar cars use a range of batteries including lead-acid batteries, nickel-metal hydride batteries (NiMH), Nickel-Cadmium batteries (NiCd), Lithium ion batteries and Lithium polymer batteries.Many solar race cars have complex data acquisition systems that monitor the whole electrical system while even the most basic cars have systems that provide information on battery voltage and current to the driver.The mechanical systems of a solar car are designed to keep friction and weight to a minimum while maintaining strength. Designers normally use titanium and composites to ensure a good strength-to-weight ratio.Solar cars usually have three wheels, but some have four. Three wheelers usually have two front wheels and one rear wheel: the front wheels steer and the rear wheel follows. Four wheel vehicles are set up like normal cars or similarly to three wheeled vehicles with the two rear wheels close together.

Solar array The solar array consists of hundreds of photovoltaic solar cells converting sunlight into electricity. The larger arrays in use can produce over 2 kilowatts (2.6 hp).The solar array can be mounted in several ways: horizontal. This most common arrangement gives most overall power during most of the day in low latitudes or higher latitude summers and offers little interaction with the wind. Horizontal arrays can be integrated or be in the form of a free canopy. This most common arrangement gives most overall power during

horizontal This most common arrangement gives most overall power during most of the day in low latitudes or higher latitude summers and offers little interaction with the wind. Horizontal arrays can be integrated or be in the form of a free canopy. This most common arrangement gives most overall power during
most of the day in low latitudes or higher latitude summers and offers little interaction with the wind. Horizontal arrays can be integrated or be in the form of a free canopy.

vertical  This arrangement is sometimes found in free standing or integrated sails to harness wind energy.Useful solar power is limited to mornings, evenings, or winters and when the vehicle is pointing in the right direction.adjustable. Free solar arrays can often be tilted around the axis of travel in order to increase power when the sun is low and well to the side. An alternative is to tilt the whole vehicle when parked. Two-axis adjustment is only found on marine vehicles, where the aerodynamic resistance is of less importance than with road

Useful solar power is limited to mornings, evenings, or winters and when the vehicle is pointing in the right direction.adjustable. Free solar arrays can often be tilted around the axis of travel in order to increase power when the sun is low and well to the side. An alternative is to tilt the whole vehicle when parked. Two-axis adjustment is only found on marine vehicles, where the aerodynamic resistance is of less importance than with road vehicles. Free solar arrays can often be tilted around the axis of travel in order to increase power when the sun is low and well to the side. An alternative is to tilt the whole vehicle when parked. Two-axis adjustment is only found on marine vehicles, where the aerodynamic resistance is of less importance than with road vehicles. integrated. Some vehicles cover every available surface with solar cells. Some of the cells will be at an optimal angle whereas others will be shaded. trailer. Solar trailers are especially useful for retrofitting existing vehicles with little stability, e.g. bicycles.

Solar trailers are especially useful for retrofitting existing vehicles with little stability, e.g. bicycles. Some trailers also include the batteries and others also the drive motor. remote. By mounting the solar array at a stationary location instead of the vehicle, power can be maximised and resistance minimized. The virtual grid-connection, however, involves more electrical losses than with true solar vehicles and the battery must be larger. By mounting the solar array at a stationary location instead of the vehicle, power can be maximised and resistance minimized. The virtual grid-connection, however, involves more electrical losses than with true solar vehicles and the battery must be larger. The choice of solar array geometry involves an optimization between power output, aerodynamic resistance, and vehicle mass, as well as practical considerations. For example, a free horizontal
canopy gives 2-3 times the surface area of a vehicle with integrated cells but offers better cooling of the cells and shading of the riders. There are also thin flexible solar arrays in development.

Benefits of Solar car

Different Benefits of a Solar car, Solar energy is considered as one of the most dependable green solutions to the severe energy crisis being faced today. As fossil fuels, like oil, natural gas, and coal, are running out, people are searching for different ways to generate energy. Sun power is springing up as one of the most steadfast renewable sources of energy that can be used to produce the continuous flow of energy to power heating appliances and also automobiles.How solar powered vehicle is best as compared to other?One of the chief benefits is its eco-friendliness. These automobiles work on the same principles as any building powered by solar panels. Photovoltaic cells are special cells that are made up of semiconductors and are highly efficient in absorbing light. These cells harvest the solar energy and convert it into electricity, and are usually installed on the exteriors of the car.There are some solar powered cars that direct the generated electricity straight to an electric engine, while there are others that use the acquired power to fuel a battery that runs the auto’s engine. In any case, if solar energy is utilized to power the automobile’s drive that implies that the vehicle will consistently run on it, and you do not need to spend any money on fuel.As solar energy is most popularized among some other renewable energy sources, it is necessary to know how a person can harvest its offered advantages.Benefits of a solar powered vehicle Some benefits of a solar powered vehicle are given as follows:

Solar car, Benefits of a solar powered vehicle which the resource is solar, The renewable energy

Solar car, Benefits of a solar powered vehicle which the resource is solar, The renewable energy

Gasoline independence: A solar based car is essentially gasoline independent and along these lines, it is easy in your pocket and the environment. A traditional car adds to the already high air pollution levels, whereas, a solar powered car does not produce any harmful emissions.

Solar cars are noiseless: A solar powered car is exceptionally quiet and runs noiselessly, thereby, cutting the noise pollution that comes complimentary with fuel-driven cars.Longer

life span: A solar car can easily last decades without any expensive regular upkeep.

Low maintenance: The solar vehicles are specially designed to be low maintenance and can be easily maintained to last years with general cleaning of the solar panels.Eco-friendly: One of the most significant benefits of a solar powered vehicle is that it is highly nature-friendly. Solar powered automobiles produce a negligible amount of greenhouse gasses that are responsible for the depletion of the protective ozone layer.

Renewable and infinite source of energy: The sun is one of the biggest renewable sources of energy and running solar powered vehicles do not require any natural resources that are on the verge of extinction. Looking at the above-mentioned advantages, there is no doubt about solar powered vehicles being the next big thing of the future. Moreover, not only during the day, solar energy engineers are working on ways to enhance the mileage such a vehicle can offer, by manufacturing a sun powered top that gives power to the motor while the daylight is plenteous, but ensures its optimum performance even when the sun goes down.

Why is the Solar Car so Important?We are settling into green living,

Why is the Solar Car so Important?We are settling into green living,

When Will Solar Cars Become a Reality?

What Are Existing Solar Cars Like?Yes, solar powered cars have been around for quite a while since Ed Passerini created his Bluebird in the 1970s. These cars all made use of photovoltaic cells, which were used to convert direct sunlight into electricity and thus run the vehicle. Solar panels were often installed on the roof for this purpose. The problem, however, is that so far, these cars are only good for races; to see exactly how long the vehicle can go without gas. So that tells you already that there’s no way (at least not so far) to keep it going indefinitely.All the big car companies like Ford and Mazda have also developed solar cars, but those are all concept models. Most do not actually run on solar power but have little solar powered additions. In one, for example, the headlights have solar panels. In another, solar panels on the roof are used to power, not the car itself, but interior lighting and the sound system.What Are the Challenges that Face this Industry?Solar powered cars definitely have a market. There are so much energy-conscious and environmentally responsible people around the world, many of whom have stopped using cars altogether and switched to bicycles in order to save what fuel they can. Being green is the order of the day. However, it has not yet been possible to develop an affordable solar car which is actually viable for commercial use.Solar cars, for one thing, have not yet been made to move very fast. For another, no car can run entirely on solar power because then it will break down if there is cloud cover, or at night. These are the areas where innovation is required; the French car company Venturi, for example, created a concept model which ran both on solar energy and wind energy. In January 2014, Ford announced that it has developed a new concept model; one of a completely Solar Powered Car. There are high hopes that this car or one of its successors will finally be the first solar car available for sale in car dealerships the world over.Why is the Solar Car so Important?We are settling into green living, bit by bit. We practice water conservation habits, and some of us have solar powered homes in order to save electricity and preserve fossil fuels. We take great measures to reduce our carbon footprint as far as possible. But we need cars, cars which move fast and can take us from point A to point B with minimum hassle.We have not yet been able to do away with automobiles; we need to replace our gas-guzzling four wheelers with a truly energy-efficient and sustainable model. It doesn’t matter if it runs on sunlight, wind or coffee beans, as long as it doesn’t run on gasoline and petroleum. Making alternate forms of transportation viable for everyday use and affordable for all must become one of our priorities in the years to come.

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